The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is comprises of approximately 607 islands with c. 700 square kilometers of area in the Western Pacific Ocean spread over almost 2,700 km longitudinally just north of the equator some 4,000 km southwest of the main islands of Hawaii and about 2,900 km north of eastern Australia, lying northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshalls, and east of Palau and the Philippines. While the FSM's total land area is quite small, amounting to approximately 702 km², it occupies more than 2,600,000 km² of the Pacific Ocean.
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1. FSM National Government, The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign island nation in the north Pacific which was part of what was known as the Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands (TTPI). Right after the WWII, most of the islands in the Micronesian Archipelago, with the exception of Guam, were colonized under the mandates of the Trusteeship Agreement, giving the United States administrative jurisdiction over the entity to oversee the development of the islands in order to become self-sufficient. In the 70's, during which the leaders of the TTPI negotiated separate political status with the United States, the Trust Territories broke up into several republics - the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (which chose to become a U.S. commonwealth); the Republic of Palau; the Republic of the Marshall Islands; and, the remaining island groups of Chuuk (formerly Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap and Kosrae (Kusaie) formed the FSM. The FSM established its constitutional entity in 1976 through the FSM…, 2. Department of Education, Since the inception of the FSM National Government in 1979, the Division of Education was established within the Department of Social Services. In 1986, the Department of Social Services was converted into the Department of Human Resources under the auspices of the 2nd President of the FSM, His Excellency John R. Haglelgam, from Yap. Education remained a division until 1992 at which time the FSM Congress approved PL 7-97, creating the Department of Education during the tenure of the 3rd President, His Excellency Bailey Olter of Pohnpei. With FSM P.L. 10-55, the 4th President, His Excellency Jacob Nena of Kosrae, reorganized the Executive Branch in 1997 to merge Health, Education, and Social Affairs to create a new department which was named HESA. Later in 2007, the 7th President, His Excellency Emmanual Mori of Chuuk, with the approval of FSM Congress P.L. 15-09 separated HESA to create two different departments, namely Department of Education and Department of Health and Social…, 3. Division of Special Services , The Division of Special Services is responsible to coordinate, monitor, and provide technical supports to the FSM states on special education program and other related services. As a mandate by the FSM Public Law 14-8, FSM is required to provide Free Appropriate Pubic Education (FAPE) to all children from birth to age 21. Since the main source of fuding for this program is from the United States Office of Special Education Program (OSEP), the Division is also required to follow the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Click Regulations to view these laws.
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